The wet season rice which was planted in March is entering into the generative phase and the young panicle forming stage. The planted rice in April is entering the vegetative phase with good growing condition especially rice planted along the north coast of Java island, where irrigation is provided throughout the region.
The delay of rainy season caused the limitation of water irrigation in rain fed areas and irrigated areas as well. The limitation of water irrigation on the first two months of the rainy season (October-November 2015) effected the decreasing of planted area in that month about 24%. On the other hand the planted area in December 2015 to March 2016 increased significantly (4.5% to 27,9%). However the yield of this rainy season is estimated to be higher than the average of the last two year due to good combination of sufficient irrigation and enough sunlight.
Until May 2016, rainfall is moderate to high especially in the southern part of Sumatera and Java. The flooding was reported mild-moderate to severe in the Northern part of West Java, East Java and some parts of Sumatera by heavy rainfall but it might not cause damage to rice growing.
Ms. Takariyana Heni Astuti
Statistician at Center for Agricultural Data and Information,
Ministry of Agriculture
The dry season rice is in harvesting stage on the end of April to May. Farmers in the whole country hustle the harvest before the coming rain in June.
At the present, all eighteen provinces finished harvesting around 93% of planted area (113 thousand ha).
It’s expected that the harvest will be finished at the end of this month and estimate production for dry season rice of this year (2016) is around 508 thousand ton less than last year (2015) about 12 thousand ton (2.34%) because some area were insufficient of water for cultivation for dry season rice and grasshoppers (yellow-spined bamboo locust) outbreak seriously in northern of Laos such as Luangprabang, Phonsaly and Huaphan provinces.
Mr. Sengphachan Khounthikoummane
Head of Section, Department of Planning and Cooperation,
Ministry of Agriculture and Foresty
Dry season rice planted in December - January was fully harvested. About 852 thousand hectares have been harvested with a yield of 3.72 million metric tons. Yield decreased by 5.79% compared to the same period last year. The decrease on production was due to the adverse effects of El Niño phenomenon and insufficient water supply.
Meanwhile, preparation and planting of wet season rice has started. These will be harvested in August – September. Afternoon or early evening thunderstorm activities are also expected to increase within a few days.
Generally, the crop growing condition of wet season rice is good in most parts of the country. Below to normal rainfall conditions are expected over Luzon while Mindanao has near normal to above normal rainfall conditions. The current El Niño continues to weaken in the tropical Pacific but a possibility of La Niña is on the rise.
Nelson Carolino Lagniton
Philippine Statistics Authority
Bureau of Agricultural Statistics
Most of the dry season rice is harvested. The yield is estimated poor due to insufficient of water for cultivation, drought, pest outbreak and unfavorable weather. The wet season rice is in the field preparation time. The delay of rainy season and no irrigation water support make the seeding time delay. Only few farmers can seed their field using their own water resource such as a pool in the field or groundwater.
Ms. Chidchanok Lekkao
at Office of Agricultural Economics,
Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives
In the North, the seeding of winter-spring rice (dry season rice) is completed. The sown area is 1.15 million ha, accounting for 99.6% of the last year area due to provincial governments have changes some paddy lands to other crops. The weather in this month is good for paddy.
In the South, this month is in the harvesting time of winter-spring rice (dry season rice), the harvested area is 1.68 million ha, accounting for 86.2% of the sown area. Among them, the Mekong River Delta region accounts for 94% of the sown area with 1.45 million ha. The average yield is 6.72 tons/ha, 5.7% lower than that last year due to drought and salination.
Ms. Ta Kim Cuc
Staff at Analysis and Forecasting Division
at Center for Informatics and Statistics,
Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development