Indonesian wet rice which is planted in February is entering into the generative phase and the young panicle forming stage. The planted rice in March is entering the vegetative phase with good growing condition especially rice planted along the north coast of Java island, where irrigation is provided throughout the region.
The delayed of rainy season in most areas from October-November to January to March caused the limitation of water irrigation in rain fed areas and irrigated areas as well. The limitation of water irrigation on the first three months of the rainy season (October-December 2015) effect the decreasing of planted area in October-December 2015 about 24%, since the planted area in first three months of 2016 (January to March) increased significantly (12,9% to 14,7%). However the yield of this rainy season is estimated to be higher than the average of the last two year due to good combination of sufficient irrigation and enough sunlight.
The flooding was reported mild-moderate to severe in the Northern part of West Java, East Java and some parts of Sumatera by heavy rainfall but it might not cause damage to rice growing.
Ms. Takariyana Heni Astuti
Statistician at Center for Agricultural Data and Information,
Ministry of Agriculture
From December 2015 to January 2016 the dry season rice according to the plan for this year about 113,000 ha with estimate production 577,900 Ton. But in the real situation, planted area is only 99,315 ha (88% of planning) decrease from last year about 2,210 ha (2.22%).
During time the paddy is in the harvesting stage, the farmers in the whole country hurry up to harvest their paddy now finish harvested about 42,450 ha (43% of planted area).
Expectation for finish harvesting at the end of next month and expected production for this year is about 507,826 Ton less than last year about 12,174 Ton (2.34%) in the whole country.
Mr. Sengphachan Khounthikoummane
Head of Section, Department of Planning and Cooperation,
Ministry of Agriculture and Foresty
Dry season rice planted in December - January is in the harvesting stage. About 90% has been harvested. Good weather condition was experienced in Luzon island and there was no crop damage reported. Meanwhile, dry spell continued to intensify in southern regions. Crop damages have been reported especially in Mindanao due to insufficient water supply, intense heat and incidence of stemborer and rice black bug.
Generally, the crop growing condition of dry season rice is slightly poor to fair. Drought incidence was high to very high especially in the central and southern regions of the country. Northern regions continued to experience good weather.
The weather bureau noted that the El Niño phenomenon continues to weaken and their model suggests that the condition will return to neutral levels this coming May and June.
Nelson Carolino Lagniton
Philippine Statistics Authority
Bureau of Agricultural Statistics
The dry season rice now is in the harvesting stage for every region excluding the Southern area. The yield is forecasted to decrease due to insufficient of water for cultivation effect paddy to have a few numbers of stem and panicle in tillering and young panicle forming stage and some area were effect by drought from late February made poor weight of grain. Moreover the pest outbreaks are identified in many areas. Apart of that, there are some paddy field areas in the Northern and Central region were damaged by a cold weather during January and February 2016.
Ms. Chidchanok Lekkao
at Office of Agricultural Economics,
Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives
This month is the closing stage of sowing for the winter-spring rice (dry season rice) in the North and the South
The sown area of the North is 1.1 million ha, accounting for 98.9% of the last year area. The sown area of the South is 1.92 million ha, accounting for 98.8% of the last year area. In which, the Mekong River Delta region sowed the winter-spring season rice with 1.55 million ha, 0.4% lower than the last year due to the salination happening by the rise of the sea level and the low flow of Mekong river water.
Some paddy areas in the South of Vietnam already harvested the winter-spring season rice with 1.08 million ha. The yield of winter-spring season rice is estimated to be lower than that of last year.
Ms. Ta Kim Cuc
Staff at Analysis and Forecasting Division
at Center for Informatics and Statistics,
Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development