The planted rice on March 2015 (wet season rice) is entering into the grain mature stage. While the rice which is planted on April is entering into the grain filling stage. The planted rice on May has reached 1.6 million hectare and it is entering into the generative phase or the young panicle forming stage. Overall the yield on this planted wet season is estimated to be good and it would be higher than previous year due to the good combination of the sufficiency of irrigation and sunlight.
Indonesia has already entered into the dry season and the precipitation continually remains with low levels in some islands, such as, Java, Sumatra, Kalimantan and Sulawesi. The planted rice on April to May (dry season rice) tends to be higher than last year due to the intensive government program on irrigation networks in non-technical irrigated rice field.
Ms. Takariyana Heni Astuti
at Center for Agricultural Data and Information,
Ministry of Agriculture
In Thailand, a wet season rice is in the time of field preparation and sowing stage, however, some farmers started seeding later due to late coming of rain and less of an irrigation water than normal year. The government has set a policy for the farmers in the Chao Phraya river basin (central region) to shift their period of cultivation. By implementing this policy, some farmers cannot grow the wet season rice two times. In addition, some farmers have shifted to grow other crops such as maize, soybean, cassava, and sugarcane. Consequently, the planted areas are forecasted to decrease about 0.8 million hectares. Moreover, the rice growing condition is poor due to the insufficient water for the field and some rice plants were died by drought.
Ms. Chidchanok Lekkao
at Office of Agricultural Economics,
Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives
In Vietnam, a winter-spring season rice (dry season rice) in the North is the last stage of harvesting with 1.08 million ha. The main reasons of the lower speed of harvested are using high quality rice varieties with longer growing time. Also the drought weather is one of the main reasons to the growth delay as well. And the winter-spring season rice (dry season rice) in the South has finished the harvesting with 1.95 million ha.
Another type of rice in Vietnam is summer-autumn season rice (wet season rice) is in the sowing time with 1.85 million ha, it accounts for 95.4% of the last year area. The drought caused a delay of planting date, i.e. The drought has occurred to some notable areas including Binh Dinh, Ninh Thuan, Gia Lai, and Quang Tri provinces in last June. Moreover, the drought in Ninh Thuan province is noted as the worst in the last 40 years.
Ms. Ta Kim Cuc
Staff at Analysis and Forecasting Division
at Center for Informatics and Statistics,
Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development
Planting of wet season rice for July – September crop is now on-going. About 673 thousand hectares of the forecasts 872 thousand have been planted or around 77% of the planting intension has been realized. Due to insufficient water supply these past few months, heavy rainfall brought by typhoons and Southwest monsoon became beneficial to the farmers especially in Regions and in Luzon Islands.
Generally, the crop growing condition of wet season rice is good in most parts of the country. Precipitation index is normal to above normal has been seen.
The Philippines Atmospheric and Geophysical Astronomical Services Administration had identified 25 provinces that are affected by drought/dry spell but 18 of these provinces will likely to improve its condition in the coming months.
Nelson Carolino Lagniton
Philippine Statistics Authority
Bureau of Agricultural Statistics