The planted rice on February 2015 (wet season rice) is entering into the grain mature stage. It is about 0.8 million hectare and 14.1% higher than the previous year. While the rice which is planted on March is entering into the grain filling stage. It has reached 1.1 million hectares and 29.9% higher than the previous year. The rice planted on April is entering into the generative phase or the young panicle forming stage. It has reached 1.2 million hectare and it 9.9% lower than previous year. Overall the yield on this planted wet season (January to April 2015) is estimated to be the most highest in last year 2014 and it is higher than previous year due to the good combination of the sufficiency of irrigation and sunlight.
On the other hand, the planted area of dry season rice will be decreased because most of the farmers decided to plant other crops commodity such as maize or soybean in upland or non-technical irrigated rice field since the starting period of the dry season is expected to begin mostly from April to June until September 2015.
Ms. Takariyana Heni Astuti
at Center for Agricultural Data and Information,
Ministry of Agriculture
Now in Thailand, dry season rice is almost harvested and the production is forecasted to decrease about 43 % than the previous year due to extensive drought. This drought made an insufficient of irrigation water for paddy field.
On the other hand, the planted area of wet season rice will be decreased because some farmers switched their rice field to grow sugarcane since the farmgate price is trend to decrease. In addition, some paddy fields are expected to delay planting due to less precipitation.
Ms. Chidchanok Lekkao
at Office of Agricultural Economics,
Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives
The North of Vietnam is at the best harvesting time of winter-spring season rice (dry season rice). The South of Vietnam has finished the harvest of the winter-spring season rice (dry season rice) with 1.9 million ha, it accounts for 98.4% of the sown area due to the drought weather. The average yield condition is slightly lower than that of last year due to higher areas of using high quality rice varieties with lower productivities. The average yield is 6.9 tons/ha, slightly lower than that of last year.
In the South of Vietnam, this is the sowing time for the summer-autumn season rice (wet season rice) with 1.3 million ha, accounting for 93% of the last year area due to the drought that occurred on a delay of planting date. The drought has occurred in wide areas including Ninh Thuan, Binh Thuan, Khanh Hoa and Tay Ninh provinces. This drought is expected to continue until September and lead to the shortage of irrigation water. The sowing, about 44 thousands ha of the summer-autumn season rice, will be stopped by drought in these provinces.
Ms. Ta Kim Cuc
Staff at Analysis and Forecasting Division
at Center for Informatics and Statistics,
Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development
Dry season rice planted in January – March is now in harvesting stage. About 630 thousand hectares have been harvested with a yield of 3.9 million metric tons. Yield decreased by 4.3% compared to the same period last year. The decrease on production was due to the adverse effects of dry spell, insufficient of water supply, and infestation of insect pests especially in central and southern regions.
On the other hand, about 124 thousand hectares of wet season rice have been planted or around 14.3% of the planting intension for the July – September crop have been realized. The influence of less precipitation for planting and growing condition of wet season rice in Luzon may result in lower output.
Nelson Carolino Lagniton
Philippine Statistics Authority
Bureau of Agricultural Statistics