The rice which is planted on September (dry season rice) is entering into the grain filling stage and the planted area is increased 5.6% than previous year. The yield on this planted dry season rice is estimated to be fair, even the yield is lower than wet season rice due to the water shortage in upland or rain-fed paddy field.
On the other hand, the rice planted on October (wet season rice) is entering into the generative phase or the young panicle forming stage. The planted area reached 0.5 million hectare, and it is decreased 20.9% due to the effect of long drought season or the monsoon delayed as El Nino effect. The rainy season is started widely on the early of December with moderate to high level of precipitations. Moreover, the wet season yield is estimated to be fair.
Ms. Takariyana Heni Astuti
at Center for Agricultural Data and Information,
Ministry of Agriculture
In Thailand, most of the wet season rice is in the grain – filling stage and some areas in Central Region were harvested. The growing condition of the wet season rice is estimated to be poor due to the drought in the Tillering stage, however in some areas have a normal yield due to the sufficient of the cultivation water. Moreover, the weed outbreak is found in wide areas such as in the Northern, Northeastern, and Central Region and pests outbreak effect to rice yield in the Northeastern Region.In Thailand, most of wet season rice is in the harvesting time. The growing condition of the wet season rice is poor due to the drought in the tillering stage. And the shortage of rainfall happened in the grain filling stage, the yield is decreased in some areas of the Northeastern Region. In addition, the weed outbreaks are found in wide areas such as the Northern, Northeastern and Central region. Especially, the Northern and Northeastern region have been affected from the pests outbreaks.
The dry season rice is in the tillering stage. The planted area is expected to be decreased due to lack of water for the cultivation by little rainfall compares to the average level. And the reservoir water levels on the dams still keep low level as well. As a result, the irrigation water is not enough to support for the cultivation of dry season rice. Only farmers who have enough water resources like the area near by a natural water or having groundwater well can grow their plants.
Ms. Chidchanok Lekkao
at Office of Agricultural Economics,
Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives
The summer-autumn season rice (wet season rice) is almost over. The weather condition in the North of mid-December is cold and cloudy with 12oC to 20oC which are not suitable for doing harvestion. The average yield of the season rice in a whole country is about 5.5 tons/ha, slightly higher than last year due to the good weather condition during growing period.
The autumn-winter season rice (wet reason rice) in Mekong Delta River is in the harvesting time with 0.5 million ha, accounted for 67% of the sowed area. The yield of the season rice is 5.5 tons/ha, 3.6% higher than last year due to good weather condition during growing period. Provinces in the South started to sow the winter-spring season rice (dry season rice) with 0.4 million ha, 99.4% of the last year area, however, the sowing time delayed due to unfavour weather (e.g. drought) with average year.
Ms. Ta Kim Cuc
Staff at Analysis and Forecasting Division
at Center for Informatics and Statistics,
Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development
Wet season rice planted in July - September is in the maturing stage - harvesting stage. About 490 thousand hectares or around 47 percent of the total planted area have been harvested. A drop in yield of about 5%- 10% in some provinces in Central Luzon and South Luzon Region resulted from the flooding and lodging brought about by typhoon "Melor". In the southern regions of the country, Low Pressure Area (LPA) "Onyok "(local name), which brought moderate to heavy rainfall also caused damages and may also result in a drop in yield.
Nelson Carolino Lagniton
Philippine Statistics Authority
Bureau of Agricultural Statistics